North Cyprus Geography

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sardinia and Sicily. It lies 65 km from Turkey’s southern coast and other neighboring countries include Egypt (370 km), Israel and Greece making it an ideal location. Since the division of Cyprus in 1974 the Turkish Cypriots have lived in the northern part of the island while Greek Cypriots live in the south.

North Cyprus is some 100 miles long , 40 miles across at its widest point and has a total area of 1357 sq. miles or nearly one third of the whole of the Cyprus Island.

Mainly the effects of side pressures have formed the island’s present shape during different geological ages. ‘Capes’ have been formed where the land has strength against the erosion of the sea and ‘Gulfs’ have been formed where the land was weaker and so gave way to erosion. There are two capes, Zafer Cape at the end of the Karpaz Peninsula and Korucam Cape to the west. The two gulfs are at Guzelyurt and Famagusta.

North Cyprus comprises nearly one third of the whole island with a total area of 3,515 sq km. It is about 242 km wide and 64 km deep. The total area of Cyprus is approximately 9,252 sq km.

Mediterranean Coastline

The coastline consists of romantic coves, rocky coast and long golden sandy beaches. The beaches of Northern Cyprus are among the cleanest, most natural and safest in the Mediterranean and offer a new nature experience to the traveler every day, as you can choose which sandy Northern Cyprus beach to park your self at each day! The average water temperature is 24C between May and October. You can find excellent service, particularly at the North Cyprus Hotel Beaches, during summertime in terms of beachfront restaurants and bars, as well as providing all necessary equipment such as umbrellas and beach loungers. Some of the beaches of Northern Cyprus will also offer activities such as water skiing, banana rides, jet-ski, wind surfing and scuba diving.

Spread along the northern and eastern coastline of North Cyprus you will find clear, blue, warm Mediterranean waters. The coastline consists of unspoilt coves, bays and North Cyprus beaches where swimming and sunbathing can be enjoyed the whole year round. While Esentepe and Baceli regions in the North Coast boasts a series of bays, beaches and marinas making it a prime destination for North Cyprus holidays and retirement, the largest bays being Crystal Bay in Bacheli, Guzelyurt Bay (Morphou Bay) and Famagusta.

Mountains of North Cyprus

The most stunning feature of North Cyprus is the northern range of mountains, known as the Kyrenia Mountains, or Five Finger Mountains. It is a narrow range, approximately 130 km long, running parallel to the coastline and only about 800 meters from the coastline, ensuring amazing views from nearly every North Cyprus property and hotel. Spread over an area of North Cyprus about 260 sq km, it is comprised mostly of limestone, dolomite, and marble. The highest point is Mount Selvili, near the historical village of Lapta, at 1,023 m.

The largest spring in the North Cyprus is in this range near Five Finger Mountains. The fertile north coast is chiefly covered with olive and carob trees.


Guzelyurt, or ‘beautiful town’, is an affluent village due to its vast citrus fields which provide export goods from North Cyprus, not to mention fresh squeezed juices and healthy living year round for locals. The Mesaoria plain, located in the centre of the island, between the Northern Cyprus Kyrenia Mountains and the Troodos Mountains in the south, produces the central crops such as wheat, barley and oats. It is known as the ‘breadbasket of Cyprus’.