Wildlife in Northern Cyprus
With an average of only 51 people per square kilometer, Northern Cyprus holds the enviable reputation of being free of pollution, industry or high concentrations of population. And with 387 km of coastline and pine, cypress and maquis covered hillsides; Northern Cyprus is a wildlife haven. Northern Cyprus plays host to over 1600 plant species of which 22 are endemic. North Cyprus Alagadi Beach hosts the Marin Turtle Research Group which has been observes the nesting of the endangered Caretta Turtles. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is welcome to join in watching the nesting and hatching of these endangered species. Whether its hiking in the mountains or exploring the ancient caves, the land and wildlife of Northern Cyprus offers outdoor entertainment and fascination year-round.
Yacht and boat tours are available throughout the summer from North Cyprus Kyrenia Harbour. There are many vendors, so take time to find a suitable service. There are also tours which depart from the port in Famagusta and sail along the Karpaz Peninsula. Kyrenia, the Riviera of Northern Cyprus, boasts beach clubs which offer beautiful sandy holiday beaches, comfortable chairs, umbrellas and dining under a bamboo pergola. Also you will find an array of water sports to rent including kayaking, snorkeling, diving and water skiing in the warm calm waters of the Mediterranean where the underwater life is still undisturbed.
North Cyprus Orchids
Because of their rarity and beauty, orchids hold a special fascination for all naturalists. In North Cyprus, the orchid flora consists of 32 confirmed species, subspecies and varieties. Some species will be familiar to botanists from north-western Europe, such as pyramidal orchid and autumn lady’s tresses, but there are also more exotic species including violet limodore, tongue-flowered serapias, naked man orchid and more.
Northern Cyprus Weather and Climate
The Climate of North Cyprus is a typical Mediterranean Climate. Summers (June to September) are hot and dry, winters (November to March) are usually rainy with a mild temperature. Spring and autumn are warm and pleasant. The average annual temperature is 20°C (68 F). Summer temperatures average 30°C (90F) with the coldest months of January and February 10°C (50F).
Flora and Fauna
Quite apart from the huge range of cultivated flowers, North Cyprus and especially the Karpaz Peninsula is a rich botanical area with literally hundreds of species of wild flowers from crown anemones and pink rock roses to purple iris and yellow crowfoot. From February to June many areas of Northern Cyprus are carpeted with colourful wild flowers. The birds and the butterflies also are glorious, lizards abound, and the loggerhead and green turtle still come ashore to lay their eggs in North Cyprus’s unspoiled beaches.
Historical and Cultural Sights
From the Capital of North Cyprus Nicosia to Famagusta and the Karpaz, Northern Cyprus is rich in historical ruins and castles overlooking magnificent views of mountains and the Mediterranean sea. With five castles remaining in amazing settings, there are sights to see that amaze every travelers taste.
Source: Ministry of Economy and Tourism, North Cyprus